Germia is a regional park located in the north-east of Pristina, capital city of Kosovo, and it covers an area of 62 km2. This mountain massif is a part of the Rhodope Mountains, which lie from the Black Mountain of Skopje to Kopaonik mountains. Germia’s highest point, Butos’ Peak, is 1050 meters above sea level and its lowest is 663 meters above sea level. Due to its geographical position and climate conditions, Germia mountain massif has a rich fauna with 63 species of animals and a variety of about 600 species of flora. In 1987, the “Germia” complex was taken under protection by Pristina’s Municipal Assembly in the category of the Regional Nature Park and is now managed by the publicly owned enterprise “Hortikultura”. However, according to International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Germia should be designated as a protected landscape.
According to the classification of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Germia’s protected area is part of the defense category V (Protected Landscape) of objects with special significance for protection. According to IUCN, this area was evidenced in the Green List of Protected Areas of 1997, in which Sharri’s National Park is the only other are from Kosovo. In 1966, a portion of Germia was declared as a “forest for picnic”, while in 1979 it entered the second category (rational and controlled exploitation of natural resources).
The Germia massif is the most important biodiversity area of Prishtina. It has 610 types of vascular floras classified in 82 families, 5 of which are endemic and twelve are medical species. There is also a large number of extinct plants such as bushy bedstraw (Galium mateii) and northern holly fern (Polystichum lonchitis), as well as some endangered plants like Macedonian oak (Quercus trojana), Illyrian buttercup (Ranunculus illyricus), lady orchid (Orchis purpurea) etc. 83 types of mushrooms were identified including porcini (Boletus edulis), chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius), Caesar’s mushroom (Amanita cesarea) etc. Over 75% of Germia Park surface is covered by Hungarian oak, Turkey oak, sessile oak and common beech genus. Vegetation of Gërmia consists of four forest genera: Hungarian and Turkey oak (Quercetum frainetoo cerris scardicum Kras.), hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), sessile oak (Quercus sessiliflora) and common beech (Fagus sylvatica). Five species of amphibians including fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) and European tree frog (Hyla arborea), seven species of reptiles represented by wall lizard (Lacerta muralis) and Hermann’s tortoise (Testudo hermani), thirty-two species of birds – golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), imperial eagle (Aquila heliacal), woodpecker (Picidae) and nineteen species of mammals which include European hedgehog (Erinaceus europeus) and squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris). Insects compromise the largest animal group on this massif.